In its native habitat, this tough palm is sometimes subjected to a cover of snow and ice. To feed, apply fertilizer around the soil underneath the canopy. The Plants Database includes the following 2 species of Trachycarpus .Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. The windmill palm tree (Trachycarpus fortunei) has a single trunk that stands erect. Size: Height at maturity is most commonly around 25 feet in our region, up to 40 feet in areas like California.Growth rate is moderate to somewhat fast with good care. The trunk is covered with a loose mat of coarse gray or brown fiber and is a bit narrower at â¦ , Windmill palm is one of the hardiest palms. GardenBeast is an online publication which launched in 2019 with the aim of providing the latest news, in-depth how-to guides and reviews of popular products to help you make the most from your back yards and gardens. Propagation Windmill palm seeds will germinate in 8 to 12 weeks without a lot of fuss. It tolerates cool, moist summers as well as cold winters, as it grows at much higher altitudes than other species, up to 2,400 m (7,874 ft) in the mountains of southern China. All flowers grow close to the trunks of the trees. Preferringâ¦ We may get paid if you buy something or take an action after clicking one of these. Family: Arecaceae Origin: It is native to central and eastern China. Windmill palm is native to China and is extremely cold tolerant â even tolerating snow! Because of this palm trees slow growth rate, it is also commonly cultivated in containers and used as house, patio, deck, or terrace plants. In 1849, Fortune smuggled plants from China to the Kew Horticultural Gardens and the Royal garden of Prince Albert of the United Kingdom. It is one of the hardiest palms growing in the mountains of southern China. It is a very adaptable palm and is simple to grow. Windmill Palm (Trachycarpus Wagnerianus) The windmill palm is native to China and is medium in size, typically growing to 25 feet tall with leaves measuring 3 feet across. Disease infestation is also uncommon for the windmill palm, though depending on where they’re planted, may develop leaf spots and yellowing disease, which can be lethal. Native to countries like Japan, China, Myanmar, and India, Windmill palm trees go by plenty of names such as trachycarpus fortunei (its scientific name), the Chinese windmill palm, Chusan palm, and simply windmill palm. On occasion, male windmill palms can grow a handful of hermaphroditic (male and female) flowers, which are yellow like male flowers, but are a bit larger.  It has often been treated as a separate species T. wagnerianus in popular works, but is now included within T. Each leaf is 140â190 cm (55â75 in) long, with the petiole 60â100 cm (24â39 in) long, and the leaflets up to 90 cm (35 in) long. This tough but beautiful tree may grow to 40 feet in height or more, but with its narrow form it doesnât take up a lot of space compared to other palms. The extent of this cultivation means that the exact natural range of the species is uncertain. Contact her at firstname.lastname@example.org or follow on twitter https://twitter.com/greenholliec. While seed propagation is relatively easy, it does require patience, as it can take as long as three months for the seeds to germinate. It differs in rarely growing to more than 5 m (16 ft) tall, with leaflets less than 45 cm (18 in) long; the short stature and small leaves give it greater tolerance of wind exposure. In the UK it has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.. The trunk is also covered with thick brown hair-like fibers. The fronds, which measure between 55 and 75 inches long extend outward from petioles that measure about 24 to 39 inches long. Once planted, water the soil and place the container in a warm, moist location. The windmill palm is a very hard species of palm and most adults can withstand temperatures that fall as low as -4 degrees Fahrenheit (-15 degrees Centigrade) and can even tolerate snow. This evergreen perennial palm tree has long slender trunks that can grow up to 66 ft. (20 m) tall. Windmill Palm Tree 2ft Height Live Plant, Available from Amazon. Not native to North America, but able to survive in USDA zones 8a-11, windmill palm trees are a hardy palm variety (to 10 degrees F./-12 C. or lower) that can withstand a layer of snow. 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This sturdy, cold-hardy, low-maintenance species of palm tree is aesthetically pleasing and doesn’t require an intense amount of care, making it the ideal plant for both experienced gardeners, as well as those whose thumbs may not be so green. , Trachycarpus fortunei has been cultivated in China and Japan for thousands of years, for its coarse but very strong leaf sheath fibre, used for making rope, sacks, and other coarse cloth where great strength is important. Whether you are palms in a container or in the ground, if it is going to be outside, it is important to choose a location that offers shelter from the wind, as wind can damage the fronds. It is not recommended for South Florida. In North America, mature specimens can be found growing in the coastal areas of the Pacific Northwest, the upper southern states, and Mid-Atlantic states. Slow growing up to 8 metres height it is cold tolerant and can handle temperatures down to -10 degrees celcius. Some links may be affiliate links. In addition to the tropical fronds, in the spring, Chinese palms also grow large panicles of fragrant flowers that measure about 2 to 3 inches long. The common name refers to Chusan Island (now Zhoushan Island), where Robert Fortune first saw cultivated specimens. Chusan windmill palms can be propagated by seeds. The fruit is a yellow to blue-black, reniform (kidney-shaped) drupe 10â12 mm (0.39â0.47 in) long, ripening in mid-autumn. Type above and press Enter to search. It is believed to originate in central China (Hubei southwards), southern Japan (Kyushu), south to northern Myanmar and northern India, growing at altitudes of 100â2,400 m (328â7,874 ft). Additionally, as mentioned, to avoid root rot, make sure to plant this palm in well-draining soil. It is a somewhat variable plant, especially as regards its general appearance; and some specimens are to be seen with leaf segments having straight and others having drooping tips. The Windmill palm tree, Trachycarpus fortunei has been grown in Europe for centuries, where it was imported from China, its native habitat. It was first described by Carl Friedrich Philipp von Martius in 1850 in his Historia Naturalis Palmarum but under the illegitimate name of Chamaerops excelsa. This palm tree can be seen mostly in China, but it is so tolerant it can grow even in freezing conditions. She has an affinity with nature and loves to share her knowledge gained over a lifetime with readers online. Extremely hardy, award-winning Trachycarpus fortunei (Chinese Windmill Palm) is an evergreen palm forming a small tree with a terminal tuft of deeply divided, fan-shaped, dark green leaves, up to 3 ft. wide (1 m). Advertiser Disclosure: Because they have a high tolerance for cool summers and cold winters and even snow, Chusan palm trees are also widely used in landscapes in the cooler climates of the northern regions of the United States, such as the Pacific Northwest, the Mid-Atlantic region, and upper southern states, as well as countries throughout Europe, including the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, France, Germany, and Belgium. Trachycarpus fortunei, the Chinese windmill palm, windmill palm or Chusan palm, is a species of hardy evergreen palm tree in the family Arecaceae, native to parts of China, Japan, Myanmar and India. Thanks to this fresh variety, the Palm isn't relegated to only tropical locales. If you choose to grow yours outdoors, make sure to select a location where it will be protected from the wind. Though they are not native to North America, they can sustain in USDA zones 8a through 11. This brings it into a climate not only with cold winters, but also cool, moist summers. 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